Collector’s Corner • Some Recent Cylinder Finds: Sophie Tucker, Elida Morris, Murry K. Hill, Goldin Hebrew Quartet, Kukzuoka Sokichi & Others
Cylinders seemed to turn up everywhere the past couple of months; here are a few favorites. A heads-up — There’s politically incorrect language (by current standards, but perfectly normal for its day) on many of these. We don’t censor history.
GILMORE’S BAND: By the Sycamore Tree — Medley
Columbia XP 32413
New York – Released April 1904
BOB ROBERTS: I Wants a Graphophone
Busy Bee 261 (Columbia mx.)
New York – Released July 1905
GOLDIN HEBREW QUARTET: Die Seider Nacht
Columbia XP 32786
New York – Released October 1905
KUDZUOKA SOKICHI: Komori Uta – Japanese Lullaby
Edison Gold Moulded 12822
New York – Released August 1903
EDWARD M. FAVOR: O’Brien Has No Place to Go
New York – Released September 1908
MURRY K. HILL: A String of Laughs, intro. “Don’t” and “Four-Hundred Nursery Rhymes Brought Up to Date”
Edison Amberol 401
New York – Released April 1909
NAT M. WILLS: Down in Jungle Town — Parody
Edison Gold Moulded 10178
New York – Released June 1909
A great send-up of “Ted” (Theodore Roosevelt). Wills starts out knocking Roosevelt for using English guns, instead of American, on his African safari.
SOPHIE TUCKER: Knock Wood
Edison Amberol 852
New York – Released October 1911
ELIDA MORRIS: Stop! Stop! Stop! (Come Over and Love Me Some More)
New York – Released April 1911
BOB ROBERTS: Fables
Edison Blue Amberol 1632
New York – Released March 1913
ADA JONES: Oh, Mr. Dream Man (Please Let Me Dream Some More)
U-S Everlasting 1504
New York – Released 1912
VESS L. OSSMAN: St. Louis Tickle
New York – Released October 1911
A 1901 sampler, from Eldridge R. Johnson’s studios. Several of these recordings pre-date Johnson’s creation of the Victor Talking Machine Company, on October 3, 1901. At the time, Johnson and Harry O. Sooy (his chief recording engineer) were producing remarkably well-balanced, forward-sounding masters that were markedly superior (even with the surface noise) to the later thin, tinny “Victor sound.”
METROPOLITAN ORCHESTRA: Plantation Pastimes
Camden, NJ (Johnson Factory Building): March 2, 1901
Victor Monarch Record 3163 (-1)
DAN W. QUINN: Ain’t That a Shame
Philadelphia (424 S. 10th Street): November 21, 1901
Victor Monarch Record 3525 (-2) The spoken intro is damaged and has been deleted from this transfer.
DAN W. QUINN: I Ain’t A-Going to Weep No More
Camden, NJ (Johnson Factory Building): February 27, 1901
Victor Monarch Record 3149 (-1)
JOSEPH NATUS: The Fatal Rose of Red
Camden, NJ (Johnson Factory Building): February 16, 1901 (?)
Monarch Record 683 (renumbering of Victor Monarch 3114) Natus remade this selection on November 26, 1901. Moran & Fagan’s transcription of the Victor files shows the original version as being used on all renumbered pressings, but this might be in error; the original master was returned as no longer usable on October 3, 1902, pre-dating the 1903–style (sunken-label) stamper used for this transfer.
VESS L. OSSMAN: Salome — Intermezzo
Camden, NJ (Johnson Factory Building): January 21, 1901
Victor Monarch Record 3049 (-1)
Studio locations are per Harry Sooy, Victor’s chief recording engineer at the time. The piano accompanists are uncredited in the Victor files and on the labels. Victor’s usual pianists during this period were C. H. H. Booth and Frank P. Banta (the latter the father of 1920s novelty pianist Frank E. Banta). The occasional speed fluctuations are defects in the original recordings.
These extracts are from an August 1898 Phonoscope feature, “Gallery of Talent Employed for Making Records” (entries without photographs are not shown).
All of the artists pictured were active into the early 1900s, and far beyond in many cases, but Russell Hunting and Steve Porter had the longest and most distinguished recording-industry careers. In addition to his prolific recording activities, Hunting was the editor of The Phonoscope (the industry’s first trade journal) in the 1890s, and he was still active in the later 1920s as American Pathé’s technical director.
Stephen Carl (Steve) Porter spent several years abroad in the early 1900s, including a stint as a recording engineer with the Nicole company, for which he made ethnic recordings in India and Burma. Upon his return to the U.S. he resumed recording (often in a stereotypical “dumb Irish” role that belied his brilliance), organized and managed the Rambler Minstrels (a popular recording and for-hire act that featured Billy Murray), and successfully filed for patents on various devices, including the Port-O-Phone, an early hearing aid. His activities are covered in detail in Steve Porter: Global Entrepreneur, on the Mainspring Press website.
For a detailed history of U-S Everlasting and its complete output, with 24 pages of color illustrations, be sure to check out Indestructible and U-S Everlasting Cylinders: An Illustrated History and Cylinderography, available from Mainspring Press and many major libraries.
GIUSEPPE PIMAZZONI: Carmen — Canzone del Toreador
662 Sixth Avenue, New York; released 1911
U-S Everlasting Grand Opera Record 21133 (4-minute cylinder)
VESS L. OSSMAN (banjo): St. Louis Tickle
662 Sixth Avenue, New York; released c. January 1911
U-S Everlasting 318 (2-minute cylinder)
FRED VAN EPS (banjo; piano by Albert Benzler): Gondolier / Temptation Rag
662 Sixth Avenue, New York; released c. July 1911
U-S Everlasting 1260 (4-minute cylinder)
CAL STEWART: Uncle Josh’s New Years Pledge
662 Sixth Avenue, New York; released late 1912
U-S Everlasting 1598 (4-minute cylinder)
ARTHUR COLLINS & BYRON G. HARLAN: I’m Going Back to Dixie [a.k.a. I Want to Be in Dixie]
662 Sixth Avenue, New York; released c. April 1911
U-S Everlasting 453 (2-minute cylinder)
BOB ROBERTS: Gee, But I Like Music with My Meals
662 Sixth Avenue, New York; released Summer 1912
Lakeside 1498 (4-minute cylinder)
BOB ROBERTS: My Own Adopted Child
662 Sixth Avenue, New York; released c. January 1912
Lakeside 1385 (4-minute cylinder)
This gallery of early recording artists appeared in The Phonoscope for July 1898. Although touted as Columbia stars (on cylinders; Columbia discs were still several years away), they also recorded prolifically for other companies. Several, including Quinn and Gaskin, ran display ads in the same paper, offering their services to any and all.
The “Mr. Emerson” mentioned in the first paragraph was Victor Hugo Emerson, later better known as the manufacturer of Emerson Records. Steve Porter and Russell Hunting would also come to play important roles in the early recording industry, the latter as a Pathé executive.
From various 1911 issues of The Talking Machine World:
Clockwise, from top: Frank C. Stanley, Henry Burr, Arthur Collins, Charles D’Almaine, Ada Jones, Byron G. Harlan, Fred Van Eps, Vess L. Ossman. Stanley died just a few months before this ad appeared, but most of his records remained in the catalog until U-S Phonograph’s end. .
This ad contains the only photo we’ve seen of the elusive Joe Brown, who also recorded for several of the smaller disc companies (including International Record, as early as 1906).