Collector’s Corner • Some Recent Cylinder Finds: Sophie Tucker, Elida Morris, Murry K. Hill, Goldin Hebrew Quartet, Kukzuoka Sokichi & Others
Cylinders seemed to turn up everywhere the past couple of months; here are a few favorites. A heads-up — There’s politically incorrect language (by current standards, but perfectly normal for its day) on many of these. We don’t censor history.
GILMORE’S BAND: By the Sycamore Tree — Medley
Columbia XP 32413
New York – Released April 1904
BOB ROBERTS: I Wants a Graphophone
Busy Bee 261 (Columbia mx.)
New York – Released July 1905
GOLDIN HEBREW QUARTET: Die Seider Nacht
Columbia XP 32786
New York – Released October 1905
KUDZUOKA SOKICHI: Komori Uta – Japanese Lullaby
Edison Gold Moulded 12822
New York – Released August 1903
EDWARD M. FAVOR: O’Brien Has No Place to Go
New York – Released September 1908
MURRY K. HILL: A String of Laughs, intro. “Don’t” and “Four-Hundred Nursery Rhymes Brought Up to Date”
Edison Amberol 401
New York – Released April 1909
NAT M. WILLS: Down in Jungle Town — Parody
Edison Gold Moulded 10178
New York – Released June 1909
A great send-up of “Ted” (Theodore Roosevelt). Wills starts out knocking Roosevelt for using English guns, instead of American, on his African safari.
SOPHIE TUCKER: Knock Wood
Edison Amberol 852
New York – Released October 1911
ELIDA MORRIS: Stop! Stop! Stop! (Come Over and Love Me Some More)
New York – Released April 1911
BOB ROBERTS: Fables
Edison Blue Amberol 1632
New York – Released March 1913
ADA JONES: Oh, Mr. Dream Man (Please Let Me Dream Some More)
U-S Everlasting 1504
New York – Released 1912
VESS L. OSSMAN: St. Louis Tickle
New York – Released October 1911
The O’Neill-James Company of Chicago issued this Busy Bee cylinder list in 1906. The records were manufactured for them by the American Graphophone Company (Columbia), and — as many unsuspecting collectors have discovered — the inner taper was altered to prevent use of the records on standard phonographs. They fit only specially modified Busy Bee machines (which were also Columbia products), a classic example of a tied-goods premium scheme. A detailed history of O’Neill-James and the other Chicago premium-scheme operations can be found in A Phonograph in Every Home, available from Mainspring Press and many major libraries.
All of the records listed here are two-minute molded cylinders. Some specimens are known that use the old “brown wax” formulation (as did some of Columbia’s molded Oxford cylinders). That’s led some collectors to assume, incorrectly, that they’re brown-wax–era “originals,” rather than XP-era molded records; but in fact, they’re just examples of the ever-frugal Columbia using up obsolete stock.
Some masters were recorded specifically for Busy Bee, as is indicated by the use of the name in the spoken announcements, and these are of the most interest to collectors, since Busy Bee is the only confirmed form of issue. Other Busy Bee issues are confirmed as having used use the same recordings (but not always the same takes) as the corresponding titles on Columbia XP cylinders. Most of these lack spoken announcements, or have announcements that give only the title and artist, with no company mentioned; but examples are known that slipped through with the tell-tale “Columbia record” announcement.
There are a couple of pitfalls to be aware of in using this list. First, some composers’ names appear in the list instead of artist credits. And second, in some cases the artists listed do not match who is heard on reliably reported specimens, meaning that alternate recordings were used on occasion and/or someone slipped-up in preparing the catalog copy.
A great deal of research remains to be done on these now-scarce cylinders. (On the other hand, Busy Bee’s disc output has been studied exhaustively for many years, and solid data can be found in American Record Company et al., available from Mainspring Press; and Tim Brooks’ Volume 1 of the Columbia Master Book Discography.)